Art and Art History
ARTX145Survey of Art I: 1100-1600This survey course focuses on painting, sculpture, manuscripts, and architecture produced in the Christian and Islamic worlds from the 12th through 17th century. We will consider the visual cultures of cosmopolitan cities such as Paris, Isfahan, Venice, and Constantinople, which were centers of power as well as points of exchange. Throughout the course, we will think about how objects structured both religious practices and complex relations between different social groups. Major goals of the course include honing skills in looking critically and using art historical terms to interpret works of art.
ARTX150Survey of Art II: 1600-1945Artistic revolutions from the 17th through the 20th centuries in the East and West caused radical visual and institutional transformation. This course surveys the development of modern art from a global perspective, tracing the influence of East and West upon one another from the Rococo to the Neoclassical, from Romanticism to Realism, to Cubism, Expressionism, and Postmodernism. We will examine how artists interpret the world around them and how these interpretations change over time.
ARTX/SEMN205/RELG 201Religious Art and Material CultureThis course explores the relationship between religion and art. The arts, whether in the form of painting, sculpture, architecture or kitsch, are often vehicles for religious devotion and expression. At the same time, devotion to a divine figure has inspired some of the world's most beautiful pieces of art. Religion and art form a symbiotic relationship which can simultaneously be in tension and/or cohesive. Looking at various primary and secondary sources from a variety of religious traditions, we explore this tension and cohesion, which can be a window into larger societal and cultural issues. Given that we live in a mechanical age, special attention will be paid to the material production of religious kitsch and the place of religious art in the market. This course is a Shared Passages Sophomore Seminar.Prerequisite: Sophomores Only
ARTX/CLAS208Introduction to Greek Art and ArchaeologyThis introduction to the multidisciplinary field of Greek archaeology examines the art and architecture of the Greek world from a contextual perspective. The course traces Greek material culture from Bronze Age origins through Hellenistic transformations. (This is a designated Greek literature or culture course in Classics.)
ARTX/CLAS209Introduction to Roman Art and ArchaeologyThis introduction to the multidisciplinary field of Roman archaeology examines the art and architecture of the Roman world from a contextual perspective. The course traces Roman material culture from Iron Age and Etruscan origins through Early Christian transformations. (This is a designated Roman literature or culture course in Classics.)
ARTX215A History of PhotographyPhotography was invented at two different geographic locations more or less simultaneously, which coincided with the rise of the modern political state and the industrial revolution in Western Europe. This course is a survey of that medium, and its cultural implications, from the beginning in France and England in the early 19th century, through the modern era of the 20th century, to touch upon conceptual, postmodern, and contemporary trends.
ARTX221Renaissance Art IThis course provides an introduction to the art and visual culture of Northern Europe in the period between c. 1350 and 1600. Artists such as Jean Fouquet, Jan van Eyck, Hieronymus Bosch, and Albrecht Dürer famously experimented with new pictorial genres and illusionistic techniques in large-scale religious works, including altarpieces, as well as smaller works intended for private display. We will explore how methods of representation were related to social developments, including new forms of piety, technological innovations, and changes in the art market. Toward the end of the course we will consider the topic of idolatry and iconoclasm during the Protestant Reformation, examining how religious conflicts affected contemporary attitudes toward images.
ARTX222Renaissance Art IIA strong papacy and its patronage in 16th-century Rome brought Michelangelo, Raphael, and many others from Florence and other cities to work there. They established an idealized classical style that was soon transformed into elegant, anti-classical Mannerism in much of Italy. At the same time, Venetian painters developed a distinctive style, less classical but more sensual.
ARTX223The Long 19th CenturyEric Hobswam coined the period of time from the French Revolution to the end of WWI as "The Long 19th Century." This course takes a selective, topics-based approach to exploring this period of rapid change in the visual arts. We will explore how the creation and distribution of art from both the metropole and the periphery led to a visual revolution, creating many of the conditions for the modern visual world we exist in today.
ARTX224Art Since 1945Painting, sculpture, architecture, performance, and installation art from approximately 1945 to the present day. The emphasis will be on examining the visual arts of this period from both a formal and socio-historical standpoint, using primary texts such as artist manifestos and the writings of critics to help guide an understanding of the visual. In the process, we will seek to better understand how the terms "modern," "postmodern," and "global," were expressed, evaluated, defined and shaped in the visual arts during the latter half of the 20th century.
ARTX227Modern Art MuseumThis course addresses the ideological aims and critical functions of art museums, from the 19th century to the present day. Course topics include: the origins of the modern art museum, the politics of collecting and exhibiting art, the ethics of collecting practices, and the relationship between art history and the museum. Case studies of curators and artists who have pushed the boundaries of traditional museum display will be used to examine how the relationship between objects, artists, and institutions has changed over time.
ARTX260Baroque ArtIn 17th-century Europe, exploration and scientific discovery expanded the world. Similarly, beginning in Rome, artists such as Caravaggio and Bernini both expanded and modified Renaissance innovations. Artists from all over Europe flocked to Rome, and Flemish, Spanish, French, and even some Dutch painters were transformed there, but political, religious, and cultural differences modified the styles they practiced when they returned, and those of other painters who had never left.
ARTX290Art and GenderThis course explores the intersection of visual culture and gender through the lens of critical theory. We will examine how gender has been constructed both in and through the visual arts historically as well as in the present through various interrelated topics such as the myth of the artist; the gaze, the voyeur, and desire; the gendered body in visual art; and the gendered body's intersection with race, class, and sexual orientation.
ARTX295Architecture, Urbanism, and IdentityThe design of interior and exterior environments reflect ideal and imagined futures. Architectural sites and spaces shape personal interaction, national identities, and global aspirations. This course surveys architects, designers, and city planners of the 20th and 21st centuries, who have shaped our built environment from the minute detail of the residential floor-plan to the creation of entirely new cities built wholesale from scratch. Moving from Chicago and Paris to Seoul and Kalamazoo, we will explore how architectural design has responded to the fundamental questions and shifting conditions of modern communities: how and where will we live, work, learn and play?
ARTX295Representing Difference: Race & Ethnicity in European & American Art From the Age of Enlightenment to the 21st CenturyThis course examines the relationship between visual representations and two highly unstable, entwined categories-race and ethnicity-from the 18th to the 21st Centuries, itself a highly unstable period encompassing the intellectual, political, and industrial revolutions of the Enlightenment, the expansion and retractions of colonial empires, and the ongoing tensions of our supposedly "post-racial" present. We will focus on art and visual culture as particularly powerful forces in shaping these perceptions, and, proceeding through a set of key themes and related case studies, work toward a nuanced understanding of the interaction of race, ethnicity, art, and visual culture.
ARTX430Ways of Seeing: Methods in Visual AnalysisThis course begins with a basic but fundamental question: how do we describe what we see? We will explore how philosophers, artists, and critics have grappled with this issue throughout history, seeking to understand the critical issues that can arise when communicating vision in verbal form. Because the practice of art history rests upon translating the expressive content of the visual world into words, a significant component of this class will focus on methodology, writing, and the critical analysis of classic theoretical texts that have formed the approach and structure of the discipline. Art and art history majors should plan to take this course during the fall of their senior year. Offered Fall.Prerequisite: Two Art History courses and Senior Standing
ARTX593Senior Individualized ProjectEach program or department sets its own requirements for Senior Individualized Projects done in that department, including the range of acceptable projects, the required background of students doing projects, the format of the SIP, and the expected scope and depth of projects. See the Kalamazoo Curriculum (Curriculum Details and Policies) section of the Academic Catalog for more details.Prerequisite: Permission of department and SIP supervisor required.
ARTX105Basic DrawingA study of drawing fundamentals, with emphasis on line, value, and shape organization as instruments of precision and expression. Students planning to major or minor in art should take this course by the spring quarter of the sophomore year.
ARTX110Digital ArtThe course provides the student with a working knowledge of, and skills associated with, computer-based art production. We will be using Macintosh computers with Adobe software (both raster- and vector-based programs). Early the student will create work that consists primarily of images and text, but later will move to time-based and/or conceptual forms. To help contextualize this kind of artistic production, participants will spend some time looking at a brief history of digital art as well as its relationship to artwork in general.
ARTX115Digital PhotographyThe objective of this studio art course is to provide the student working knowledge of, and experience with, the fundamental creative tools used in fine art photographic practice. We will use digital cameras, optimize with Photoshop, and make archival pigment prints in the Center for New Media. Participants learn to analyze and discuss their work in critiques; discussion will be centered on technical, formal, and conceptual characteristics. We will also discuss subject matter and content and the difference between the two. In this critical "reading" of images, like that of a text, we will explore the basics of visual literacy. A digital camera with manual exposure capabilities is required.
ARTX125Ceramics: Wheel ThrowingIn this course, students explore clay through the use of the potters' wheel, their hands and class discussion. Course content is focused on the role of function in relation to utilitarian wares for sharing and serving food. Individual students will reflect on their personal experiences with food in an attempt to better understand the potential and specific use of pottery forms. Students will also be encouraged to consider new ideas and challenge themselves in regards to form, function and technique, as they develop technical abilities and a broader understanding of the possibilities of clay and pottery forms.
ARTX128Painting: Traditional PracticesThis course is an introduction to traditional oil painting techniques. Students will work directly from life whenever possible and will have the opportunity to work from still life, landscape and the human figure. The course will emphasize working methods that stress critical judgment, mark making, space, color, light and composition from direct observation.
ARTX134Sculpture: Object InvestigationThis hands-on studio course investigates how objects are created, used, transformed and/or combined to make art. Student projects will be fabricated from found objects, wood, paper, and "non-traditional" materials. Concept-driven assignments ask students to create work that addresses the presence, history, meaning, materiality and form of objects. Assignments also incorporate fundamentals of three-dimensional design. Discussion and critiques focus on issues prominent in contemporary art. Students will also complete a series of Woodshop Practicums that introduce the woodshop and tools. Practicums take place during evening/weekend woodshop hours. Students majoring in art are encouraged to take this course in their freshman or sophomore year and prior to Structure and Space, if they intend to pursue sculpture at the advanced level. This course is accessible to non-majors at any point in their career.
ARTX200TV ProductionDesigned for students with significant involvement in producing Kalamazoo College TV productions and production studio work. Students must meet a minimum 30-hour commitment within one term to receive 1/4 unit of credit. Various activities may include: studio equipment operator, producer, director, writer, and talent. There is no limit on how many times a student may repeat the course, but a student may only receive credit for one unit. Cannot be use for the Art History, Studio Art, or Art and Art History majors or minors. Does count towards to Media Studies Concentration.
ARTX201Visual FundamentalsThis course explores the basic elements (line, shape, repetition) and principles (figure/ground relationships, emphasis) of visual art and design. Basic color theory is also covered. Critical discussion accompanies a sequence of hands-on studio exercises and projects, which include work in collage, drawing, painting, and digital imaging. Readings and discussion will also be included as an art theory primer.
ARTX203Figure DrawingFigure drawing focuses on drawing issues related to working from the nude model while emphasizing proportion, foreshortening, and planar structures of the figure. Students will work from very short poses to extended poses, creating drawings with approaches uniquely designed for drawing the figure. This course continues the process begun in basic drawing of building a solid foundation in drawing skills through observation. Students aim to develop sensitivity to the structure, anatomy and expressive qualities of the human form. Homework is assigned for each class period and there is an evening drawing session on Wednesday nights for the purposes of completing assignments.Prerequisite: ARTX-105
ARTX/SEMN204Drawing Today: Uncommon VisionsDrawing Today introduces current themes in drawing and provides an innovative approach to basic skill development required to produce images in a contemporary context. Students will read and discuss issues related to art and visual culture from around the world. Class time will be divided between discussion of important issues in contemporary art and hands on drawing instruction. Homework will include daily readings and weekly drawing projects that will allow students the opportunity to reflect upon theory and their assumptions of what drawing is and who it is that produces it. This course is a Shared Passages Sophomore Seminar.Prerequisite: Sophomores Only
ARTX/SEMN206Ceramics: World PotteryWorld Pottery is a hands-on studio course with significant research and reflection components. Class time will be used to introduce students to a variety of clay bodies and clay-forming techniques from historical and regional perspectives (wheel-throwing will not be taught). Creative assignments ask students to consider and critique the role of cultural exchange and image appropriation within historical ceramics and in their own creative work. Projects will also investigate the roles of different types of pottery within contemporary American society, as a point of reference and departure. Each student will propose, execute, and present a research project. Lectures, critiques, and discussions will focus on individual and societal assumptions about pottery. This course is a Shared Passages Sophomore Seminar.Prerequisite: ARTX 125, ARTX 220, or permission. Sophomores Only
ARTX/SEMN214Framing DifferenceThis course will combine research and studio components, split more or less evenly. The research topic, broadly painted, will be fine art documentary practices, grounded with an entry-level hands-on studio component (using both film and digital photography). There are two motivations for this course: to give students creative control of photographic tools (technical, formal, conceptual) prior to their leaving for study away, but also to explore the issues and ethics of photographic documentary practice. While the broad research topic is documentary practice (theory/tradition), this course will place particular emphasis on the ethics of photographing outside of one's own group. This course is a Shared Passages Sophomore Seminar.Prerequisite: Sophomores Only.
ARTX220Ceramics: Clay in CommunityThroughout the term, students use clay as a sculptural medium through the use of traditional, exploratory, and experimental techniques. Concepts/topics for creative projects address definitions of space, place, community, and public and participatory art (service-learning sections also discuss issues of access and equity, as they exist in our own lives and within the greater Kalamazoo community). These topics provide a framework for development of formal (visual) and physical (structural) fundamentals involved in creating artwork that inhibits and interacts with the space around it. Technical, contextual, and conceptual considerations specific to clay are also covered. Wheel-throwing will not be taught.
ARTX228Painting: Contemporary PracticesThis course is designed for students who have had some previous studio art experience in painting, drawing, or design. Some knowledge of drawing and composition will be expected of students enrolling in this course. Students will learn about modern and contemporary issues in art and will be asked to produce work that investigates some of these themes. The primary medium for the class will be acrylic paint, but students will be encouraged to experiment with mixed media and alternative materials. In addition to technical experimentation students will address complex conceptual issues. Students will have the opportunity to explore a variety of styles and approaches to painting.Prerequisite: ARTX-201 (old ARTX-100) or ARTX-105 or ARTX-128
ARTX230Analog PhotographyThis course provides the student working knowledge of, and experience with, the fundamental creative tools used in fine art photographic practice-using traditional (analog) processing and printing techniques. In addition to producing chemically based photographs, participants learn to analyze and discuss their work in critiques. To inspire and contextualize we will view historical examples from the Daguerreotype to contemporary practice. Assignments will be directed (to make the most of the inherent aspects of traditional analog materials) but will be open to interpretation. Students interested in pursuing photography at the advanced level are encouraged to take Digital Photography prior to Analog Photography, if possible.
ARTX233PrintmakingAn introduction to and development of basic techniques in intaglio and relief processes. Linoleum cut, wood cut, etching, and soft ground techniques will be some of the print methods explored.Prerequisite: ARTX-201 (old ARTX-100) or ARTX-105
ARTX234Sculpture: Structure & SpaceThis mixed-media studio course explores concepts of structure and space as source material and necessary elements in the creation of sculpture and installation art. Assignments incorporate the use of linear and planar art materials, fundamentals of three-dimensional design, concept and critical thinking skills. Readings, discussion and critiques focus on issues prominent in contemporary art. Materials may include wood, paper, cardboard, wire, string, fabric and/or other non-traditional materials. Material skills are developed through experimentation and exploration, as opposed to technical demonstrations with the exception or a woodshop practicum that takes place during evening and weekend woodshop hours. Some sections also include an introduction to metal fabrication. This course is recommended for art majors and non-majors at the sophomore level and above and may be of particular interest to those pursuing studio art, physics, engineering, architecture, sociology and philosophy. Students interested in pursuing sculpture at the advanced level should also take Object Investigation prior to enrolling in Structure and Space, if possible.
ARTX240WatercolorAn exploration of basic watercolor techniques to help assist students in developing the necessary skills to work independently in this medium. Technical experiments, wash painting, and wet-into-wet techniques teach students to control the medium and layer color. Students learn to work for an extended period of time on one piece, eventually developing their own subject matter and content.Prerequisite: ARTX-201 (old ARTX-100) or ARTX-105
ARTX250Introduction to Documentary Video ProductionDesigned to introduce students to the basics of documentary storytelling and production. Students will individually produce, write, shoot and edit several video projects that are intended to develop their narrative and technical skills. They will also watch various documentary films and critique them as to style, content, and narrative structures. Ethical issues pertaining to the films' subjects and approaches will also be examined. While technical skills on camera and editor operation will be taught, emphasis is on the development of ideas, artistic approach, and storytelling.
ARTX295Ceramics: Intermediate Wheel ThrowingThis course will explore the possibilities of personal expression and function in the ceramic medium with a focus on traditional wheel throwing. Hand building and altering techniques will also be covered in challenging new ways. Pottery offers a unique historical and cultural context. Discussions and assignments will reflect on those contexts as well as the value of handmade pottery and the role of object makers in contemporary society. Students enrolling in this course must have taken Artx125 or another college level wheelthrowing course.
ARTX301Advanced Documentary Video ProductionDesigned for students to do advanced documentary storytelling and production, the class will meet in a seminar setting at least once per week. Students will individually produce, write, shoot and edit several short documentaries that are intended to develop their narrative and technical skills. In addition, they watch various documentary films and critique them as to style, content, and narrative structures. Ethical issues pertaining to the films' subjects and approaches will also be examined.Prerequisite: ARTX-250 and 1 of the following: ARTX-110, ARTX/SEMN-214, ARTX-116, ARTX-230, ENGL-107, or ANSO-103
ARTX316Intermediate PhotographyPhotography taught as a creative and expressive medium from a fine art perspective. In this course, the student will expand their knowledge, skills, and experience in the medium by focusing on an individual project for the duration of the term. The student can use either analog or digital tools to create this small body of work. Critiques will be held and a written component will be due as well (structured reflection and artist statement). A camera with manual exposure capabilities is required.Prerequisite: ARTX-230 and ARTX-115, ARTX-214, or SEMN-214
ARTX320Intermediate Ceramics: State of ClayThe intermediate levels of Ceramics: Hand Building and Ceramics: Wheel Throwing are taught as one joint course in the same time slot. Concept-based and technical assignments are designed to be accessible and applicable for both sets of students. Assignments help students question what it means to choose clay as a medium while developing a more advanced body of work. Lectures and discussions focus on the expanding role and definition of ceramics within contemporary art, with an emphasis on the development of American ceramics in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Basic clay, glaze and firing technology are covered through a series of technical labs. Offered Spring (odd years)Prerequisite: ARTX-220 or ARTX-125 (Both are preferred). Students may also use ARTX-206 or SEMN-206 as a prerequisite with instructor permission.
ARTX327Sculpture: Mold ProcessesA ceramics and sculpture course focusing on the many techniques of mold-making as a means to create and reproduce forms. Assignments and discussions geared towards the use of multiples and repeated forms in art. Materials include wax, clay, plaster, and non-traditional materials.Prerequisite: Take one of ARTX-125, ARTX-134, ARTX-135, ARTX-234, or ARTX-220.
ARTX328Intermediate PaintingThis course builds upon the conceptual approach to painting that began in Painting: Contemporary Practices and will emphasize individual direction and innovation. Most assignments will begin with an introduction to a broad contemporary theme in the visual arts and will ask students to respond to some aspect of the topic by generating artwork. The last three weeks will be given over to a series of works that address one of the topics covered earlier in the quarter or a topic that a student has a particular interest in investigating.Prerequisite: ARTX-228
ARTX330Alternative Photographic ProcessesThe objective of this intermediate (and specialized) studio art course is to provide the student working knowledge of, and experience with, large format view-cameras and alternative photographic printing processes. In addition to producing photographs using these admittedly obsolete tools and materials, participants learn to analyze and discuss their work in critiques. Through this study, as well as the production of a small body of work, each student should finish this course with a deeper understanding of photographic practice. No equipment is necessary for enrolling in this course, as the college will provide several view cameras that students will share.Prerequisite: ARTX-115, ARTX-116, ARTX-214 or ARTX-230
ARTX335Intermediate SculptureStudents may register for Intermediate Sculpture in their junior or senior year, once they have completed at least two other sculpture courses and if Mold Processes is not offered during the term of registration. Individualized projects and assignments build on concepts and skills developed in earlier courses. Emphasis will be placed on portfolio development in preparation for advanced-level work. Intermediate students are required to attend meetings for an introductory course in sculpture throughout the term where they participate in critiques, conduct a research presentation and help mentor lower-level students.Prerequisite: Take two courses from ARTX-134 ARTX-135 ARTX-234 and ARTX-327
ARTX416Advanced PhotographyPhotography taught as a creative and expressive medium from a fine art perspective. In this course, the student will continue to expand their knowledge, skills, and experience in the medium by focusing on an individual project for the duration of the term. The student can use either analog or digital tools to create this small body of work. Critiques will be held and a written component will be due as well (structured reflection and artist statement). A camera with manual exposure capabilities is required.Prerequisite: ARTX-316
ARTX420Advanced CeramicsStudents may register for Advanced Ceramics in their junior or senior year, once they have completed at least three other ceramics courses. In consultation with the faculty, students develop the content and methodology that they feel fits their own personal objectives as artists. Emphasis will be placed on portfolio development and learning to function as an independent artist. Advanced students are expected to attend meetings for an introductory or intermediate course in ceramics throughout the term where they participate in critiques and help mentor lower-level students.Prerequisite: ARTX-320
ARTX428Advanced PaintingThe objective of this course is to help students develop direction in their art and to produce a coherent body of work. Students will be considered independently working artists responsible for developing the content and methodology that they feel fits their own personal objectives as artists. Placing their own work in the context of current trends and art history will help students produce artwork that is both personally satisfying and artistically significant. This course is intended for students who are considering graduate school or a career in studio art.Prerequisite: ARTX-328
ARTX435Advanced SculptureStudents may register for Advanced Sculpture in their junior or senior year, once they have completed at least 3 other sculpture courses. In consultation with the faculty, students develop the content and methodology that they feel fits their own personal objectives as artists. Emphasis will be placed on portfolio development and learning to function as an independent artist. Advanced students are expected to attend meetings for an introductory or intermediate course in sculpture throughout the term where they participate in critiques and help mentor lower-level students.Prerequisite: Permission
ARTX450Advanced StudioThis course gathers experienced studio art students together, regardless of preferred media, for a rigorous study of contemporary practice and theory. Sessions include multi-disciplinary critiques, where both assigned exercises and, later, larger projects will be discussed. In addition, we will study contemporary work and theory via readings, videos, and presentations.Prerequisite: Senior art majors with at least one 300-level studio art course; non-majors with permission.
ARTX/SEMN496S.P.A.C.E.Experience or "S.P.A.C.E." is a senior-level civic-engagement art course that explores the relationship between Art and Activism, Social Justice, Community and/or Civic Engagement. This course is designed to be a collaborative experience for students from multiple disciplines and majors, regardless of prior experience in art. Throughout the term, students work together in small groups similar to mini "think tanks". Course content focuses on collaborative approaches to creating art for and with communities, with an emphasis on socially-just practices. Among the questions students will investigate during the term are: "How can art facilitate our experiences in public and private spaces? Who has access to a space? How do we share space and interact within it? What is the potential of the artist as an agent of change?" Professional skills such as responsible engagement, grant seeking/writing and project design will also be covered. Class and project workspace is housed in the Kalamazoo College Community Studio in the Park Trades Center. Each student will engage in a field experience, working with an organization or program in the city of Kalamazoo, for the duration of the term. This course is a Shared Passages Senior Capstone.Prerequisite: Seniors Only